Türk İslam dünyasının büyük ve ünlü siması, şair, bilim adamı ve düşünürü ve devlet adamı, Kaşgar merkezli ilk müslüman Türk devleti olan Karahanlıların Özel saray başdanışmanı(Hashacıbı) Yusuf Has Hacib doğumunun 1000. Yılında Türkiye’de ve tüm Türk dünyası’nda anılmaktadır.
33. Dönem TÜRKSOY Daimi Konseyi’ne katılan Türkçe Konuşan Ülkeler kültür bakanlarının oy birliği ile almış olduğu karar sonrasında 2016 yılı, Türk dünyasında Yusuf Has Hacip Yılı olarak ilan edilmiştir.
Uygur Haber ve Araştırma Merkezi(UYHAM)
Yusuf Has Hacıp, 1016 yılında Karahanlı Devleti’nin sınırları içinde yer alan ve bugünkü Kırgizistan’daki Balasagun şehrinde doğdu. Kaşgar baaşta o devrinh en önemli bilim markezlerindeki Medreselerde ilim tahsil etti. 1069-1070 yılları arasında Türk-İslam tarihi ve kültürü açısından son derce önemli olan Kutadgu Bilig adlı felsefi eser ve siyasetnamesini yazdı. Ünlü düşünürün bin yıl önce kaleme aldığı eserine Kutadgubilik( Mutluluk veren bilgi’’ adını vermiştir. Yusuf Has Hacip Bin yıl önce yazdığı ünlü eserinde ‘’Bak, insan doğdu, öldü, ama sözü kaldı, İnsanın kendisi gitti, adı kaldı. Ey hakîm, ey bilgin, kendin ölümsüz bir dirilik istersen, İşin de sözün de iyi olsun.’’ mısraları ile kendinden sonraki nesillere ideal insanı tasvir ederek, yol göstermiştir.
Kırgizistan Cumhurbaşkanı Almazbek Atambayev geçtiğimiz yılın Kasım ayında imzaladığı bir Cumhurbaşkanlığı emri ile 2016 yılının Kırgizistan’da “Yusuf Has Hacıp Yılı” olarak kutlanmasını kararlaştırmıştı.
Yusuf Has Hacıp’in Kaşgar’da bulunan Türbesi
2016 YUSUF HAS HACIP YILI ETKİNLİKLERİ İSTANBUL’DA YAPILACAK AÇILIŞ TÖRENİ İLE BAŞLIYOR
Yusuf Has Hacip’ın doğumunun 1000.yılı etkinliklernin açılışı 19 Şubat 2016 Cuma günü İstanbul’da Zeytinburnu Belediyesi Kazlıçeşme Kültür Merkezi’nde yapılıyor.
Açılış etkinlikleri TÜRKSOY, Kırgızistan Cumhuriyeti Kültür Bilgi ve Turizm Bakanlığı, Kırgızgizistan CumhuriyetiAnkara Büyükelçiliği ve Türk Dünyası Belediyeler Birliği işbirliğinde gerçekleştirilecektir.
Tarih: 19 Şubat 2016 Saat:16.00
Yer: Zeytinburnu Belediyesi Kazlı Çeşme Kültür Merkezi-İstanbul
Nearly one-third of Native American genes come from west Eurasian people linked to the Middle East and Europe, rather than entirely from East Asians as previously thought, according to a newly sequenced genome.
Based on the arm bone of a 24,000-year-old Siberian youth, the research could uncover new origins for America’s indigenous peoples, as well as stir up fresh debate on Native American identities, experts say.
The study authors believe the new study could also help resolve some long-standing puzzles on the peopling of the New World, which include genetic oddities and archaeological inconsistencies. (Explore an atlas of the human journey.)
“These results were a great surprise to us,” said study co-author and ancient-DNA specialist Eske Willerslev, of the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
“I hadn’t expected anything like this. A genome related to present-day western Eurasian populations and modern Native Americans as well was really puzzling in the beginning. How could this happen?”
A second individual genome sequenced from material found at the site and dated to 17,000 years ago revealed a similar genetic structure.
It also provided evidence that humans occupied this region of Siberia throughout the entire brutally cold period of the Last Glacial Maximum, which ended about 13,000 years ago.
Why is it important?
Prevailing theories suggest that Native Americans are descended from a group of East Asians who crossed the Bering Sea via a land bridge perhaps 16,500 years ago, though some sites may evidence an earlier arrival. (See “Siberian, Native American Languages Linked—A First .”)
“This study changes this idea because it shows that a significant minority of Native American ancestry actually derives not from East Asia but from a people related to present-day western Eurasians,” Willerslev said.
“It’s approximately one-third of the genome, and that is a lot,” he added. “So in that regard I think it’s changing quite a bit of the history.”
While the land bridge still formed the gateway to America, the study now portrays Native Americans as a group derived from the meeting of two different populations, one ancestral to East Asians and the other related to western Eurasians, explained Willerslev, whose research was published in the November 20 edition of the journal Nature.
“The meeting of those two groups is what formed Native Americans as we know them.” (Learn more about National Geographic’s Genographic Project.)
What does this mean?
Willerslev believes the discovery provides simpler and more likely explanations to long-standing controversies related to the peopling of the Americas.
“Although we know that North Americans are related to East Asians, it’s striking that no contemporary East Asian populations really resemble Native Americans,” he said.
“It’s not like you can say that they are really closely related to Japanese, Chinese, or Koreans, so there seems to be something missing. But this result makes a lot of sense regarding why they don’t fit so well genetically with contemporary East Asians—because one-third of their genome is derived from another population.”
The findings could also allow reinterpretation of archaeological and anthropological evidence, like the famed Kennewick Man, whose remains don’t look much like modern-day Native American or East Asian populations, according to some interpretations.
“Maybe, if he looks like something else, it’s because a third of his ancestry isn’t coming from East Asia but from something like the western Eurasians.” (Read about history’s great migration mysteries.)
Many questions remain unanswered, including where and when the mixing of west Eurasian and East Asian populations occurred.
“It could have been somewhere in Siberia or potentially in the New World,” Willerslev said.
“I think it’s much more likely that it occurred in the Old World. But the only way to address that question would be to sequence more ancient skeletons of Native Americans and also Siberians.”
Intriguing questions also exist about the nature of the advanced Upper Paleolithic Mal’ta society that now appears to figure in Native American genomes.
The Siberian child “was found buried with all kinds of cultural items, including Venus figurines, which have been found from Lake Baikal west all the way to Europe.
“So now we know that the individual represented with this culture is a western Eurasian, even though he was found very far east. It’s an interesting question how closely related this individual might have been to the individuals carving these figurines at the same time in Europe and elsewhere.